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Read Me What to read, 1926 on

\/ 1901-1925

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Comment: If "well-read" means "not missing anything," then nobody has a chance. If "well-read" means "making a genuine effort to explore thoughtfully," then yes, we can all be well-read. --Linda Holmes

Comment: Figurative or literal checklists of published texts can suck the joy out of reading and should be avoided at all costs. --Anna Holmes

\/ Mid and late 20th Century

Comment: After The Fall: 1989, Twenty Years On

Marjane SATRAPI (b. 1969)
Note: an Iranian-born French cartoonist, illustrator, film director, and children's book author. --Wikipedia
The Complete Persepolis (2007: Persepolis, 2004 translatiion of Persepolis I, 2000, and Persepolis II, 2001; and Persepolis II, 2004 translation of Persepolis 3, 2002, and Persepolis 4, 2003)
Comment: the revolution and the war are depicted through the eyes of a child who sees the world in black-and-white terms... . --Grant L. Voth

Comment: 1968: Scarcity and Decade Analysis

J. K. ROWLING (b. 1965) Criticism: post
Note: Joanne "Jo" Rowling ... pen name J. K. Rowling, is a British novelist --Wikipedia
Harry Potter series (Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, 1997-Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, 2007) Criticism: John Granger review | Harold Bloom review [pdf]
Comment: It is Harry's beautiful courage, I think, that makes this series unique. --Charles Van Doren

Jeanette WINTERSON (b. 1959) Reference: Official site Criticism: post
The Passion (1997)

Comment: At some unmarked point during the last twenty years we imperceptibly moved out of the Modern Age and into a new, as yet nameless, era. --Peter F. Drucker, Landmarks of Tomorrow (1957)

Tony KUSHNER (b. 1956) Criticism: post
Note: an American playwright and screenwriter --Wikipedia
Angels in America (1991, 1992) Criticism: Donald Lyons review

Michael POLLAN (b. 1955) Reference: Official site
The Botany of Desire (2001)
Comment: It is about the concept of what he calls co-evolution, in this case between mankind and four plants--apple, tulip, marijuana, and potato. --Charles Van Doren
The Omnivore's Dilemma (2006) Criticism: Blake Hurst review
Comment: What we eat represents our most profound engagement with the natural world, and he warns that modern agribiz is a destructive, precarious agricultural system that has wrought havoc on the diet, nutrition, and well-being of Americans as well as the inhabitants of the other developed countries of the Earth. --Charles Van Doren

Comment: ELAINE: Kevin and his friends are nice people! They do good things. They read.     JERRY: I read.     ELAINE: Books, Jerry.     --Seinfeld: The Bizarro Jerry

Sandra CISNEROS (b. 1954)
Note: an American writer ... . Her work experiments with literary forms and investigates emerging subject positions, which Cisneros herself attributes to growing up in a context of cultural hybridity and economic inequality --Wikipedia
The House on Mango Street (1984)
Comment: Cisneros revealed in an interview that she’s writing stories--not an autobiography. As she put it, the stories she writes about are stories that she has either lived, witnessed, or were told to her--she just arranged them in an order that would make them clear and cohesive. --Grant L. Voth

DAI Sijie (b. 1954)
Note: a Chinese–French author and filmmaker --Wikipedia
Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress (2001 Ina Rilke translation; Balzac et la Petite Tailleuse chinoise, 2000)
Comment: For them, the experience of reading was emotional and intellectual but vicarious. How could they know that the Little Seamstress would act on the basis of what she had learned? --Grant L. Voth

David GROSSMAN (b. 1954) Reference: Hebrew Literature Criticism: post
Note: an Israeli author. ... He is also a noted activist and critic of Israeli policy toward Palestinians. --Wikipedia
See Under: Love (1989)

Kevin HART (b. 1954) Etext: Poetry International Web Criticism: post
Peniel and Other Poems (1991)
Two poems Etext: The Guardian (December 21, 2002)

Carl HIAASEN (b. 1953)
Note: an American journalist, columnist, and novelist. --Wikipedia
Tourist Season (1986)
Comment: It's a wild and wooly tale involving all Hiaasen's 'regular' characters: shady businessmen, corrupt politicians, dumb blondes, sunburned tourists, and apathetic retirees. --Charles Van Doren
Strip Tease (1993)
Lucky You (1997)

Alan MOORE (b. 1953)
Note: an English writer primarily known for his work in comic books... Frequently described as the best graphic novel writer in history --Wikipedia
Watchmen (1986-1987) illustrated by Dave Gibbons (b. 1949)
Note: an English comic book artist, writer and sometimes letterer. --Wikipedia
Comment: Critics have suggested that what Moore and Gibbons are asking in this book is how far we should trust our guardians, whether they’re outlawed heroes coping with midlife crises or our own governments or superpowers bent on global war. --Grant L. Voth

Thylias MOSS (b. 1954) Etext: Academy of American Poets
Note: an American poet, writer, experimental filmmaker, sound artist and playwright, of African American, Indian, and European heritage, who has published a number of poetry collections, children’s books, essays, and multimedia work she calls poams, products of acts of making, related to her work in Limited Fork Theory. --Wikipedia
Small Congregations: New and Selected Poems (1993)
Three poems Etext: Internet Archive

Rita DOVE (b. 1952) Etext: Academy of American Poets Reference: Home page Criticism: post
Selected Poems (1993)

Sven BIRKERTS (b. 1951)
Note: an American essayist and literary critic of Latvian ancestry. --Wikipedia
The Electric Life: Essays on Modern Poetry (1989)
An Artificial Wilderness: Essays on 20th Century Literature (1987)
The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age (1994) excerpts Etext: Internet Archive
Contributor Etext: Agni

Paul MULDOON (b. 1951) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets Reference: Official site Criticism: Nicholas Wroe essay | James S. F. Wilson interview
Note: an Irish poet. He has published over thirty collections --Wikipedia
Selected Poems (1986)

Doug ESTELL, Michele L. SATCHWELL, and Patricia S. WRIGHT
Reading Lists for College-bound Students (1993)

Edward HIRSCH (b. 1950) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets | Poem Hunter
Note: an American poet and critic ... . Hirsch is a well-known advocate for poetry --Wikipedia
Earthly Measures (1994)

Gloria NAYLOR (b. 1950)
Note: an American novelist. --Wikipedia
The Women of Brewster Place (1982)

James WILCOX (b. 1949) Reference: Mississippi Writers & Musicians
Modern Baptists (1983)

Denis JOHNSON (b. 1949)
Note: an American writer best known for his short story collection Jesus' Son (1992) and his novel Tree of Smoke (2007)... . He also writes plays, poetry and non-fiction --Wikipedia
Angels (1983)
Fiskadoro (1985)
Jesus' Son (1992)

Henning MANKELL (b. 1948)
Note: a Swedish crime writer, children's author, leftist activist and dramatist --Wikipedia
Kurt Wallander mysteries (Faceless Killers, 1997 Steven T. Murray translation of Mordare utan ansikte, 1991, and following)
Comment: it will not take you long to apprehend Wallander's consciousness of the changes that are occurring in Swedish society, until recently so apparently immune to the social ills we ourselves... know so well. These feelings are accentuated in the succeeding books... --Charles Van Doren

Ian McEWAN (b. 1948)
Note: an English novelist and screenwriter. In 2008, The Times featured him on their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". --Wikipedia
On Chesil Beach (2007)
Comment: The setting of 1962 is crucial: Edward Mayhew and Florence Ponting stand at the waning of the Victorian world and just before the sexual revolution. Their doomed sexual congress will resonate with larger historical tones. --Emily Allen

Michael DIRDA (b. 1948)
Note: a Pulitzer Prize–winning book critic --Wikipedia
Caring For Your Books (1990)
Classics for Pleasure (2007)
Contributor Etext: The American Scholar | The Washington Post

Mark HELPRIN (b. 1947) Reference: Official site
Note: an American novelist, journalist, conservative commentator --Wikipedia
Winter's Tale (1983)
a fantastic story of early twentieth-century life in New York City. --Charles Van Doren
A Soldier of the Great War (1995)
His experiences in the war are told by Alessandro, now an old man, to a young man with whom he is forced to walk for fifty miles to their destinations, which in the case of the young man is love and in that of the old man, death. --Charles Van Doren
Contributor Etext: The Claremont Review of Books

David MAMET (b. 1947) Reference: The David Mamet Society Criticism: Playbill bibliography | John Lahr interview | post
Note: an American playwright, essayist, screenwriter, and film director. --Wikipedia
American Buffalo (1975)
Speed-the-Plow (1988)
Secret Names Etext: The Threepenny Review (Winter 2004)
Why I Am No Longer a 'Brain-Dead Liberal' Etext: The Village Voice (March 11, 2008)

Salman RUSHDIE (b. 1947) Criticism: post
Midnight's Children (1981)

Michael DIBDIN (1947-2007)
Note: a British crime writer. --Wikipedia
Aurelio Zen series (Ratking, 1988-End Games, 2007)
Comment: His first book, Ratking, opens in Rome but ends in Venice, and the other novels range all over the Italian landscape as Zen anti-heroically confronts the Mafia and bravely tries to stand against it, always without success. --Charles Van Doren

Comment: People by 1945 could no longer be sure of the direction in which history took them. But they could still be sure that there was a direction; and they could, if they wished, select among a variety of theories that described their destination. After 1945, they could ever less often be sure even that any direction to human affairs existed at all, that they were not totally adrift in a meaningless universe. --Oscar Handlin

Pere GIMFERRER (b. 1945) Etext: Plurilingual Anthology of Catalan Poetry
Selected Poems

J. D. McCLATCHY (b. 1945) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets | Poetry Archive Criticism: Daniel Hall interview
Note: an American poet and literary critic. --Wikipedia
The Rest of the Way (1992)

Simon SCHAMA (b. 1945) Criticism: post
Citizens (1989)

Adam ZAGAJEWSKI (b. 1945) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets Criticism: Arthur Lubow essay | post
Note: a Polish poet, novelist, translator and essayist. --Wikipedia
Tremor (1985)
Contributor Etext: The New Yorker

August WILSON (1945-2005) Reference: Perspectives in American Literature
Note: an American playwright whose work included a series of ten plays, The Pittsburgh Cycle, for which he received two Pulitzer Prizes for Drama --Wikipedia
Joe Turner's Come and Gone (1984)
Fences (1985)

Comment: The more books we read, the sooner we perceive that the true function of a writer is to produce a masterpiece and that no other task is of any consquence. --Cyril Connelly, The Unquiet Grave (1944)

Douglas CRASE (b. 1944) Etext: Poetry Foundation Reference: Authorized site
Note: an American poet, essayist and critic. --Wikipedia
The Revisionist (1981)

Alice WALKER (b. 1944) Reference: Official site | Academy of American Poets
Note: an American author, poet, self-claimed womanist, and activist. --Wikipedia
The Color Purple (1982)

Peter CAREY (b. 1943) Reference: Peter Carey Books
Illywhacker (1985)
Oscar and Lucinda (1988)

Alfred CORN (b. 1943) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets
Note: an American poet and essayist. --Wikipedia
A Call in the Midst of the Crowd (1978)
Playing Posthumous Etext: The Cortland Review (June 2006)
Weblog Etext: Topics and Events | Alfred Corn's weblog
Contributor Etext: Slate

Sam SHEPARD (b. 1943) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets
Note: an American playwright, actor, and television and film director. He is the author of several books of short stories, essays, and memoirs, and received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1979 for his play Buried Child. --Wikipedia
Seven Plays (1984)
Note: (Buried Child, Curse of the Starving Class, The Tooth of Crime, La Turista, Tongues, Savage Love, True West) --Amazon

Reinaldo ARENAS (1943-1990) Criticism: post
Hallucinations: The Ill-Fated Peregrinations of Fray Servando (El mundo alucinante 1966)

Donna LEON (b. 1942)
Note: the American author of a series of crime novels set in Venice and featuring the fictional hero Commissario Guido Brunetti. --Wikipedia
Brunetti novels (Death at La Fenice, 1992, and following)
Comment: delves deeper and deeper into the corrupt underbelly of Venice, that glorious 'little jewel' built on an island that is slowly but surely sinking into the sea. --Charles Van Doren

John CROWLEY (b. 1942) Criticism: Ed Halter interview
Note: an American author of fantasy, science fiction and mainstream fiction. --Wikipedia
Little, Big (1981)
Aegypt (1987; The Solitudes 2007)
Love and Sleep (1994)

Peter HANDKE (b. 1942)
Slow Homecoming (1974)

Stephen HAWKING (b. 1942) Reference: Official web site Criticism: John Preskill review | post
Note: an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author ... . Among his significant scientific works have been a collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularities theorems in the framework of general relativity, and the theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called Hawking radiation. --Wikipedia
A Brief History of Time (1988)

John IRVING (b. 1942) Reference: Book Reporter | Times Topics | Life & Times Criticism: Joan Smith interview | Suzanne Herel interview
Note: an American novelist and Academy Award-winning screenwriter. --Wikipedia
The World According to Garp (1978)
The Hotel New Hampshire (1981)

Mahmoud DARWISH (1942-2008) Etext: Academy of American Poets Criticism: post
Note: a Palestinian poet and author who won numerous awards for his literary output and was regarded as the Palestinian national poet. --Wikipedia
The Music of Human Flesh (al-Nasheed al-jasadi, 1980)

Alan FURST (b. 1941)
Note: an American author of historical spy novels. --Wikipedia
Night Soldiers novels (Night Soldiers, 1988, and following)
Comment: revitalized the entire genre of spy novels. --Charles Van Doren

Roberto CALASSO (b. 1941)
Note: an Italian writer and publisher. ... He is the author of an unnamed ongoing work reflecting on the culture of modernity --Wikipedia
The Marriage of Cadmus and Harmony (1993 Tim Parks translation; Le nozze di Cadmo e Armonia 1988)
in my opinion and that of many others is the finest book ever written about the Greek myths. --Charles Van Doren

James McCOURT (b. 1941)
Note: an American writer and novelist. ... McCourt is best known for his extravagant 1975 novel Mawrdew Czgowchwz, about a fictional opera diva, and his 2003 nonfiction book Queer Street, about gay life in New York City after World War II. --Wikipedia
Time Remaining (1993)

Paul THEROUX (b. 1941) Reference: Erinn fan site
The Mosquito Coast (1981)

J. M. COETZEE (b. 1940) Criticism: post
Note: a South African novelist, essayist, linguist, translator and recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature. --Wikipedia
Foe (1986)
One star: Disgrace (1999)
Comment: As his [protagonist David Lurie's] position and privilege are withdrawn from him, he is confronted by horrors, but also by the beauty found in small acts of mercy and repentance. --Arnold Weinstein
Elizabeth Costello (2003)

David RABE (b. 1940)
Streamers (1976)

Edmund WHITE (b. 1940) Reference: Official site
Note: an American novelist, as well as a writer of memoirs and an essayist on literary and social topics. Much of his writing is on the theme of same-sex love. --Wikipedia
Forgetting Elena (1973)
Nocturnes for the King of Naples (1978)

Thomas M. DISCH (1940-2008) Etext: The Online Books Page | Poetry Foundation Reference: SFE Criticism: post
Note: an American science fiction author and poet. --Wikipedia
On Wings of Song (1979)
Endzone Etext: weblog

Joseph BRODSKY (1940-1996) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets Criticism: Sven Birkerts interview | post
Note: a Russian poet and essayist. --Wikipedia
Comment: his thinking appears to be guided more by the quest for a startling apothegm than by a concern for scrupulous accuracy--this is one of the inevitable consequences of the aphoristic style. But his seriousness is such that even our disagreements force our thought in unexpected directions. --Sven Birkerts
A Part of Speech: Poems (1977) Etext: Alex Safonov translation
So Forth (1996)
Nobel Lecture Etext: Nobel Prize (December 8, 1987)

Ayi K. ARMAH (b. 1939) Reference: Petri Liukkonen biography
The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born (1968)

Margaret ATWOOD (b. 1939) Etext: Poem Hunter Reference: Official site Criticism: post
Note: a Canadian poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist, and environmental activist. --Wikipedia
Surfacing (1972)
The Handmaid's Tale (1985)

Amos OZ (b. 1939) Reference: Official site Criticism: Shusha Guppy interview
Note: an Israeli writer, novelist, journalist and intellectual. --Wikipedia
A Perfect Peace (1982)

Michael THELWELL (b. 1939)
The Harder They Come (1980)

Seamus HEANEY (1939-2013) Etext: Internet Poetry Archive Criticism: Guardian obituary | post
Note: an Irish poet, playwright, translator and lecturer --Wikipedia
Comment: every age must have a great poet, whether he truly exists or not, and Seamus Heaney is apparently the man appointed for the job. --Joseph Epstein
Field Work (1979)
Comment: brings a meditative music to bear upon fundamental themes of person and place, the mutuality of ourselves and the world --Denis Donoghue
Station Island (1984)
Comment: as fine a long poem as we've had in fifty years. --Hugh Kenner
Selected Poems 1966-1987 (1990)
Comment: offers an ample selection of some of the best work by one of our finest contemporary poets. The collection emphasizes his recent efforts, although it does not include any new poems. --Frank Lepkowski
North (1975)
Comment: Fine poet from Northern Ireland talks about realities in a serious tone; his talent has strong roots; his poems will outlast their grim inspiration. --Raphael and McLeish
Three poems, selected by Ake Erlandsson Etext: Nobel Prize in Literature 1995

Les A. MURRAY (b. 1938)
The Rabbiter's Bounty: Collected Poems (1991)

Wa Thiong'o NGUGI (b. 1938)
A Grain of Wheat (1992)

Joyce Carol OATES (b. 1938) Reference: Randy Souther fan site Criticism: post
Note: an American author. Oates published her first book in 1963 and has since published over forty novels, as well as a number of plays and novellas, and many volumes of short stories, poetry, and nonfiction. --Wikipedia
Them (1969)
@JoyceCarolOates Etext: Twitter feed
Contributor Etext: The New York Review of Books

Philip WARD (b. 1938)
Note: a librarian, scholar, editor and author of more than 50 books. His A Lifetime's Reading: The World's 500 Greatest Books provides an ambitious plan to guide reader's through the great books. --David Taylor
See Ramon Gomez de la Serna
A Lifetime's Reading (1983) Reference: Table of Contents

Ishmael REED (b. 1938) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets Reference: Official site
Note: an American poet, essayist, songwriter, playwright, and novelist, as well as being an editor and publisher. Reed is known for his satirical works challenging American political culture, and highlighting political and cultural oppression. --Wikipedia
Mumbo Jumbo (1972)

Charles SIMIC (b. 1938) Criticism: Veran Matic interview
Selected Poems: 1963-2003 (2004)

Robert NOZICK (1938-2002)
Note: an American philosopher who was most prominent in the 1970s and 1980s --Wikipedia
Anarchy, State, and Utopia (1974)
Note: In opposition to A Theory of Justice by John Rawls, and in debate with Michael Walzer, Nozick argues in favor of a minimal state --Wikipedia

Raymond CARVER (1938-1988) Criticism: Frank Kermode review
Where I'm Calling From (1988)

Ted NELSON (b. 1937) Reference: Official website
Note: an American pioneer of information technology, philosopher and sociologist. He coined the terms "hypertext" and "hypermedia" in 1963 and published them in 1965 --Wikipedia
A File Structure for the Complex, the Changing and the Indeterminate (Association for Computing Machinery: Proceedings of the 20th National Conference, 1965) Etext: Scribd Criticism: Gary Wolf review

David HOCKNEY (b. 1937) Reference: Authorized website
Note: an English painter, draughtsman, printmaker, stage designer and photographer. ... An important contributor to the Pop art movement of the 1960s, he is considered one of the most influential British artists of the 20th century. --Wikipedia
David Hockney (1979) Criticism: Daniel Soar review
Comment: His short line and lapidary description mask verse of deep seriousness and power. --Raphael and McLeish

Robert STONE (b. 1937)
Dog Soldiers (1974)
A Flag for Sunrise (1981)

Thomas PYNCHON (b. 1937) Criticism: post
V. (1963)
Comment: The search for V, a puzzle slowly fitted together by a series of brilliant episodic flashbacks, provides the unifying device of the novel--a framework encompassing a considerable panorama of history and character. --George Plimpton
The Crying of Lot 49 (1966)
Comment: I struggled through a mishmash of pretentious symbolism and concluded that it was a load of nonsense. --Colin McArdle
One star: Gravity's Rainbow (1973)
Comment: the ambition to produce a single compendious sacred writing... --Mary McCarthy

Tom STOPPARD (b. 1937) Criticism: post
Note: a Czech-born British playwright ... . He has written prolifically for TV, radio, film and stage --Wikipedia
Travesties (1974)
Comment: Considers wittily what might have happened if Lenin, Joyce and the Dadaist poet Tzara (all living in Zurich simultaneously during World War I) had met each other. --Raphael and McLeish

Severo SARDUY (1937-1993)
Maitreya (1978)

Don DELILLO (b. 1936) Reference: Don DeLillo Society Criticism: Adam Begley interview
Note: an American writer of novels, short stories, plays and essays. --Wikipedia
Running Dog (1978)
White Noise (1985)
Libra (1988)
Mao II (1991)

Lars GUSTAFSSON (b. 1936)
Selected Poems

Larry McMURTRY (b. 1936)
Note: an American novelist, essayist, bookseller and screenwriter whose work is predominantly set in either the old West or in contemporary Texas. --Wikipedia
Lonesome Dove (1985)
The story is mainly about two men, 'Gus' McCrae and Woodrow F. Call, both of them retired Texas Rangers, who with the help of several others are driving a herd of cattle north from Texas to Montana. --Charles Van Doren

Jonathan D. SPENCE (b. 1936)
The Death of Woman Wang (1978)
The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci (1984)

Mario VARGAS LLOSA (b. 1936) Reference: Official site Criticism: post
Note: a Peruvian-Spanish writer, politician, journalist, essayist, college professor --Wikipedia
The War at the End of the World (La guerra del fin del mundo, 1981)
Banquet Speech (December 10, 2010) Etext: Nobel Prize

Avraham B. YEHOSHUA (b. 1936) Reference: Jewish Virtual Library
A Late Divorce (Gerushim Meuharim 1982)

Daryl HINE (1936-2012)
Note: a Canadian poet and translator. --Wikipedia
Selected Poems (1981)

Vaclav HAVEL (1936-2011) Criticism: RFE/RL obituary | post
The Garden Party (1969; Zahradni Slavnost 1963)
Memorandum (Vyrozumeni 1967)
Largo Desolato (1984)

Dahlia RAVIKOVITCH (1936-2005) Etext: Poetry Foundation
Note: an Israeli poet, translator, and peace activist. --Wikipedia
A Dress of Fire (1978)

Georges PEREC (1936-1982)
Life, A User's Manual (1978)

James APPLEWHITE (b. 1935) Etext: Project Muse
Note: an American poet, and Professor Emeritus in creative writing at Duke University. --Wikipedia
River Writing: An Eno Journal (1988)
Hearing 'Southern Voices' Etext: National Public Radio (September 25, 2005)

John Pepper CLARK-BEKEDEREMO (b. 1935)
Casualties: Poems 1966-68 (1970)

Thomas KENEALLY (b. 1935)
Note: an Australian novelist, playwright and author of non-fiction. --Wikipedia
Schindler's List (Schindler's Ark, 1982)
The Playmaker (1987)

David LODGE (b. 1935)
Changing Places (1975)
Small World (1984)

Daniel QUINN (b. 1935)
Note: an American writer best known for his novel Ishmael ... . Quinn's ideas are popularly associated with environmentalism --Wikipedia
Ishmael (1992)
Why does inequality and the inevitable poverty that accompanies it exist, and how did they come into being? As a very young man, Quinn discovered a very simple answer to the question--namely that sometime in the not too distant past, some of the people on Earth locked up all the food and charged all the rest a fee if they wanted to eat it. --Charles Van Doren

Charles WRIGHT (b. 1935) Etext: Academy of American Poets Criticism: post
Note: an American poet. He shared the National Book Award in 1983 for Country Music: Selected Early Poems and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1998 for Black Zodiac. --Wikipedia
The World of the Ten Thousand Things: Poems 1980-1990 (1990)

Jay WRIGHT (b. 1935) Etext: Academy of American Poets
Note: an African-American poet, playwright, and essayist. --Wikipedia
Dimensions of History (1976)
The Double Invention of Komo (1980)
Elaine's Book (1986)
Selected Poems (1987)
Boleros (1991)

Danilo KIS (1935-1989)
A Tomb for Boris Davidovich (Grobnica za Borisa Davidovica: sedam poglavlja jedne zajednicke povesti 1976)

Antonio PORTA (1935-1989)
Note: (this the pseudonym he took when the true Antonio Porta was known already as an Italian writer; born as Leo Paolazzi) was an author and poet and one of the founders of the Italian literary movement Gruppo 63. --Wikipedia
Kisses from Another Dream (Anthony Molino translation, 1988)

J. G. FARRELL (1935-1979)
The Siege of Krishnapur (1973)

Comment: Why Read? Reading is freedom. Now read on. --John Carey

Edward BOND (b. 1934)
Note: an English playwright, theatre director, poet, theorist and screenwriter. --Wikipedia
Saved (1965)
The Fool (1975)

David MALOUF (b. 1934) Etext: Australian Poetry Library
Note: an Australian writer. --Wikipedia
An Imaginary Life (1978)

Wole SOYINKA (Akinwande Oluwole Soyinka b. 1934) Study: Reference: Criticism: post
A Dance of the Forest (1963)
The Interpreters (1965)
Death of the King's Horsemen (1976)
Comment: Based on the true story of the jarring conflict between old ways and new, between tribal mores and the imposed ways of the British resident, in southern Nigeria at the end of World War II. --Raphael and McLeish

Mark STRAND (b. 1934) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets Criticism: Earnest Hilbert review | Wallace Shawn interview
Note: a Canadian-born American poet, essayist, and translator. He was appointed Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1990. --Wikipedia
Selected Poems (1980)
The Continuous Life (1990)
Dark Harbour (1993)

Yaakov SHABTAI (1934-1981)
Past Continuous (1985; Zikhron Devarim)
Comment: Shifting adeptly between daily life in modern Tel Aviv and the nerve-pattern intricacies of the remembered past, the novel renounces customary kinds of structure. No character or indicent is given special status. We feel, as a result, that we have walked in upon an epic family reuntion. --Sven Birkerts

Good Reading
Comment: It remains the best one-volume advisor for serious, academic reading. --Steven Gilbar
(22nd edition 1985) Edited by Arthur Waldhorn, Olga S. Weber, Arthur Zeiger
(23rd edition 1990) Edited by Arthur Waldhorn, Olga S. Weber, Arthur Zeiger Reference: Four reading lists

Reiner KUNZE (b. 1933)
Note: a German writer and GDR dissident. ... In 1977, the GDR regime expatriated him and he moved to West Germany (FRG). --Wikipedia
The Lovely Years (Die Wunderbaren Jahre, 1976)
Comment: an oblique prose work about adolescents at school, at home, and on holiday... --Philip Ward

Cormac McCARTHY (b. 1933)
Note: an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter. --Wikipedia
Child of God (1974)
Suttree (1979)
Blood Meridian (1985)
The Border Trilogy: All the Pretty Horses (1992); The Crossing (1994); Cities of the Plain (1998)
The trilogy is an extraordinary achievement and constitutes one of the finest literary achievements of the twentieth century. --Charles Van Doren
The Road (2006)
a novel about a father and son who are riding eastward after a nuclear holocaust has destroyed all of the world they inhabit. --Charles Van Doren

Philip ROTH (b. 1933) Reference: Times Topics Criticism: post
Note: an American novelist. ... Roth's fiction, regularly set in Newark, New Jersey, is known for its intensely autobiographical character, for philosophically and formally blurring the distinction between reality and fiction, for its "supple, ingenious style" and for its provocative explorations of Jewish and American identity. --Wikipedia
Goodbye, Columbus (1959) Criticism: Irving Howe review
Comment: 'Goodbye, Columbus' is a fine novella (published with stories)... . --Raphael and McLeish
One star: Portnoy's Complaint (1969)
Comment: Portnoy's Complaint is a 'confessional'--set pieces of irresistibly comic anguish by the conscietious masturbator, Portnoy. --Raphael and McLeish
My Life as a Man (1974)
Zuckerman Bound: A Trilogy and Epilogue (1985)
The Counterlife (1986)
Patrimony (1990)
Operation Shylock (1993)

Oxford English Dictionary (1928) Etext: The Online Books Page | Oxford University Press Criticism: post
Note: the largest dictionary of English. --Wikipedia

Nichita STANESCU (1933-1983)
The Still Unborn About the Dead (1975)

Joe ORTON (1933-1967) Reference: Alison Forsythe fan site
Note: an English playwright and author. His public career was short but prolific, lasting from 1964 until his death. ... he shocked, outraged, and amused audiences with his scandalous black comedies --Wikipedia
The Complete Plays (1976)

Robert COOVER (b. 1932)
Spanking the Maid (1982)

Athol FUGARD (b. 1932) Reference: Iain Fisher fan site Criticism: Lloyd Richards interview
Note: a South African playwright, novelist, actor, and director who writes in English. He is best known for his political plays opposing the South African system of apartheid --Wikipedia
A Lesson from Aloes (1981)

Allen GROSSMAN (b. 1932) Etext: Poetry Foundation
Note: a noted American poet, critic and professor. --Wikipedia
The Ether Dome and Other Poems: New and Selected (1979-1990) (1991)
Words Taken to Heart: Four Answers to One Question Etext: Poetry Daily

Geoffrey HILL (b. 1932)
Selected Poems (2006)

V. S. NAIPAUL (b. 1932) Criticism: post
Note: a British writer born and raised in Trinidad, to which his grandfathers had emigrated from India as indentured servants. --Wikipedia
A House for Mr. Biswas (1961)
A Bend in the River (1979)
Comment: Independence has been won, civil war concluded. 'The Big Man', president for life, rules by rhetoric, guile, sorcery and a strong helping of terror. --Irving Howe
Banquet Speech (December 10, 2001) Etext: Nobel Prize

Aharon APPELFELD (b. 1932) Reference: Hebrew Literature Criticism: Hillel Halkin review
Badenheim 1939 (1980; Badenheim Ir Nofesh 1979)
The Immortal Bartfuss (1988)

John UPDIKE (1932-2009) Reference: Times Topics Criticism: post
Note: an American novelist, poet, short story writer, art critic, and literary critic. --Wikipedia
One star: Rabbit, Run (1961)
Comment: John Updike's choice of Rabbit Angstrom, in 'Rabbit, Run', was inspired, one of those happy, instinctive accidents than so often shape a literary career. For Rabbit, though a contemporary of the young writer--born, like him, in the early 1930s, and a product, so to speak, of the same world (the area around Reading, Pa.)--was a 'beautiful brainless guy' whose career (as a high school basketball star in a provincial setting) peaked at age 18; in his own wife's view, he was, before their early, hasty marriage, 'already drifting downhill.' --Joyce Carol Oates
Rabbit Redux (1971)
Rabbit is Rich (1981)
The Witches of Eastwick (1984) Criticism: James Wolcott review
Rabbit at Rest (1990)
Seven Stanzas at Easter (1960) Etext: Paying Attention to the Sky
Hub Fans Bid Kid Adieu (The New Yorker, October 22, 1960) Etext: Baseball Almanac
Contributor Etext: The New York Review of Books | The New Yorker

Christopher OKIGBO (1932-1967) Etext: Poetry Foundation Reference: Petri Liukkonen biography
Note: a Nigerian poet, who died fighting for the independence of Biafra. --Wikipedia
Labyrinths, with Path of Thunder (1971) Criticism: The Complete Review

Sylvia PLATH (1932-1963) Criticism: post
Comment: Sylvia Plath -- interesting poetess whose tragic suicide was misinterpreted as romantic by the college girl mentality. --Alvy Singer, Annie Hall (1977)
The Bell Jar by "Victoria Lucas" (1966)

Walter ABISH (b. 1931) Reference: David Levine Gallery
Note: an Austrian-American author of experimental novels and short stories. --Wikipedia
Alphabetical Africa (1974)
How German Is It (Wie deutsch ist es, 1980)
I Am the Dust Under Your Feet (Conjunctions 10, 1987)
Eclipse Fever (1993)

Juan GOYTISOLO (b. 1931) Criticism: Maya Jaggi essay
Note: a Spanish poet, essayist, and novelist --Wikipedia
Space in Motion (Helen R. Lane translation, 1987)

John le CARRE (David John Moore Cornwell b. 1931) Reference: Criticism: post
One star: The Spy Who Came In from the Cold (1963)
Comment: at his best, he is grippingly good: in The Spy Who Came in from the Cold he created a true mirror of our distracted times... --Raphael and McLeish

Toni MORRISON (b. 1931) Reference: Times Topics Criticism: Eleanor Birne review | post
Note: an American novelist, editor, and professor. ... She won ... the Nobel Prize in 1993. --Wikipedia
embodies the African-American voice; her books see the American reality from the viewpoint of someone who is in some ways an outsider and in others the center of things. --Charles Van Doren
Sula (1973)
One star: Song of Solomon (1977)
Comment: 'Song of Solomon' isn't , however, cast in the basically realistic mode of most family novels. --Reynolds Price
One star: Beloved (1987)
Jazz (1992)

Alice MUNRO (b. 1931) Reference: Times Topics Criticism: Margaret Atwood essay | Christian Lorentzen review | post
Note: a Canadian author writing in English. ... In 2013, Munro was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature --Wikipedia
Dance of the Happy Shades (1968)
Comment: ...Munro’s special territory is the inner lives of women in dreary little towns where nothing much seems to happen. --Grant L. Voth
Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You (1974)

Frederic RAPHAEL (b. 1931) and Kenneth McLEISH (1940-1997)
The List of Books (1981)
Comment: Arranged in forty-four categories, the lists, despite a decidedly Oxbridge tang, are often illuminating and often infuriating. --Steven Gilbar

Tom WOLFE (b. 1931)
Note: an American author and journalist, best known for his association and influence over the New Journalism literary movement in which literary techniques are used in objective, even-handed journalism. --Wikipedia
The Painted Word (1973)
Note: Wolfe's thesis in The Painted Word was that by the 1970s modern art had moved away from being a visual experience, and more often was an illustration of art critics' theories. --Wikipedia

E. L. DOCTOROW (1931-2015) Reference: New York State Writers Institute | Times Topics Criticism: John Leonard review essay
Note: an American author, editor and professor, best known internationally for his works of historical fiction. He has been described as one of the most important American novelists of the 20th century. --Wikipedia
The Book of Daniel (1971)
Ragtime (1975)
Comment: It incorporates the fictions and realities of the era of ragtime while it rags our fictions about it. --George Stade
World's Fair (1985)

Tomas TRANSTROMER (1931-2015) Etext: Academy of American Poets | Poem Hunter | Mark G. Ryan post Reference: Official website
Note: a Swedish poet, psychologist and translator. ... He is the recipient of the 1990 Neustadt International Prize for Literature and the 2011 Nobel Prize in Literature. --Wikipedia
Selected Poems

Jay MACPHERSON (1931-2004) Etext: Poetry Foundation Reference: Canadian Women Poets
Note: a Canadian lyric poet and scholar. --Wikipedia
Poems Twice Told: The boatman and Welcoming disaster (1981)

Sebastien JAPRISOT (Jean-Baptiste Rossi, 1931-2003)
Note: a French author, screenwriter and film director, born in Marseille. His pseudonym was an anagram of Jean-Baptiste Rossi, his real name --Wikipedia
The Sleeping Car Murders (1963 Francis Price translation; Compartiment tueurs 1962)
Attempts are made to discover other occupants in the compartment besides the murdered woman. But these attempts lead nowhere, because whenever a fellow passenger is found, he or she too is dead. --Charles Van Doren
A Very Long Engagement (1993 Linda Coverdale translation; Un long dimanche de fiancailles 1991)
She is wealthy but crippled by polio; he is poor and a soldier in the Great War. --Charles Van Doren

Donald BARTHELME (1931-1989) Reference: Times Topics | Jessamyn fan site Criticism: J. D. O'Hara interview
Note: an American author known for his playful, postmodernist style of short fiction. --Wikipedia
The Dead Father (1975)
Forty Stories (1987)

Thomas BERNHARD (1931-1989) Criticism: Eric Ormsby essay | Stephen Mitchelmore essay
Comment: is an existence without meaning or goal--he does not doubt that this is its true character--bearable or not? --Sven Birkerts
Woodcutters, (1988; Holzfällen: Eine Erregung 1984)

ADUNIS (b. 1930) Etext: Academy of American Poets Criticism: Charles McGrath interview
Note: Ali Ahmad Said Esber ... also known by the pen name Adonis or Adunis, is a Syrian poet, essayist, and translator. --Wikipedia
Selected Poems

John BARTH (b. 1930) Reference: David Louis Edelman fan site Criticism: George Plimpton interview | David Levine caricature
Note: an American novelist and short-story writer, known for the postmodernist and metafictional quality of his work. --Wikipedia
The End of the Road (1958)
Comment: Best, early work of later logorrhoid; campus life with the blinds rolled up; scabrous tenderness illuminates characteristic 1950s American milieu. --Raphael and McLeish
One star: The Sot-Weed Factor (1960)
Tidewater Tales (1987)
Once upon a Time: A Floating Opera (1994)

Harold BLOOM (b. 1930) Etext: Reference: Criticism: post
The Western Canon (1994)

Edna O'BRIEN (b. 1930) Reference: Petri Liukkonen biography | New York State Writers Institute
Note: an Irish novelist, memoirist, playwright, poet and short story writer --Wikipedia
A Fanatic Heart (1985)

Gary SNYDER (b. 1930) Etext: Reference: Academy of American Poets Criticism: David Kirby review
No Nature: New and Selected Poems (1992)

Derek WALCOTT (b. 1930) Reference: Times Topics Criticism: Adam Kirsch essay
Note: a Saint Lucian poet and playwright. He received the 1992 Nobel Prize in Literature. --Wikipedia
Ti-Jean and His Brothers (1958)
One star: Collected Poems (1986)
Omeros (1990)
Comment: It is this everyman's Homer, and not the comfortable court poet some people imagine Homer to have been, who inspires Derek Walcott's epic poem, and who records the past events that determine the lives of the people he describes--including that of Mr. Walcott himself and, ultimately, of all of us. --Mary Lefkowitz

Nathan ZACH (b. 1930)
Selected Poems

Slavomir MROZEK (1930-2013)
Note: a Polish dramatist, writer and cartoonist. --Wikipedia
Tango (1965)
Comment: On one level, Tango is a tale about the conflict between generations, but basically it demonstrates the process, in which youthful idealism turns into unscrupulous struggle for power and paves way to despotism. --Petri Liukkonen
The Ugupu Bird (1968, Konrad Syrop translation; Wesele w Atomicach) Criticism: Nevil Gibson review

Yoram KANIUK (1930-2013) Reference: Hebrew Literature
Note: an Israeli writer, painter, journalist, and theater critic. --Wikipedia
His Daughter (1987)

Chinua ACHEBE (1930-2013) Reference: Times Topics Criticism: post
Note: born Albert Chinualumogu Achebe; ... was a Nigerian novelist, poet, professor, and critic. --Wikipedia
One star: Things Fall Apart (1958)
Comment: Wry African view of comedy and scandal of independence in a Nigeria at once debauched by its one-time masters and thrust, by their departure, into a parody of their vanities. --Raphael and McLeish
No Longer at Ease (1960)
Arrow of God (1964)

John ARDEN (1930-2012) Criticism: Michael Coveney obituary | Raymond H. Thompson interview
Note: an English Marxist playwright --Wikipedia

Harold PINTER (1930-2008) Reference: Official site | Times Topics | Nobel Prize Criticism: post
Comment: They have the shape and feel of well-made plays in which every effect has a cause and every action produces a reaction. But the things they describe--violence, terror, disintegration--are usually dark and irrational. --Fintan O'Toole
The Homecoming (1964)
The Dumb Waiter (1966)
Comment Here comes another incomprehensible order from above. --Kenneth L. Jost
The Room (1966)
One star: The Caretaker (1967)
Comment: Pinter removes the metaphysical element from Beckett's Waiting for Godot (in which the two main characters are tramps) and endows his own central character, a Welsh tramp battening to anyone who will listen, with a speech pattern alternating between the the pathetic and the prosaic. --Philip Ward

Jacques DERRIDA (1930-2004) Criticism: Adam Shatz review
Note: a French philosopher, born in French Algeria. Derrida is best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction. --Wikipedia
On Grammatology (Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak translation 1976; De la grammatologie, 1967)

Harold BRODKEY (1930-1996) Reference: Robot Wisdom
Stories in an Almost Classical Mode (1988)

Stanley ELKIN (1930-1995) Criticism: Peter J. Bailey interview | Thomas LeClair interview
Note: an American Jewish novelist, short story writer, and essayist. --Wikipedia
The Living End (1979)

Dan PAGIS (1930-1986) Criticism: Audrey Shore essay
Note: an Israeli poet, lecturer and Holocaust survivor. He was born in Radauti, Bukovina in Romania and imprisoned as a child in a concentration camp in Ukraine. He escaped in 1944 and in 1946 arrived safely in Israel --Wikipedia
Selected Poems

Hans Magnus ENZENSBERGER (b. 1929) Reference: Bloodaxe Books
One star: Poems for People Who Don't Read Poems (Michael Hamburger and Jerome Rothenberg translation 1968; Gedichte. Die Entstehung eines Gedichts, 1962)

Richard HOWARD (b. 1929) Etext: Poetry Foundation Reference: New York State Writers Institute biography Criticism: William H. Pritchard review | Brad Leithauser review | Adam Travis review
Note: an American poet, literary critic, essayist, teacher, and translator. --Wikipedia
Untitled Subjects (1969)
Findings (1971)

Milan KUNDERA (b. 1929) Reference: The Guardian | Stephan Muller fan site Criticism: Christian Salmon interview | post
Note: the Czech Republic's most recognized living writer. Of Czech origin, he has lived in exile in France since 1975, having become a naturalised citizen in 1981. --Wikipedia
The Unbearable Lightness of Being (Nesnesitelna lehkost byti, 1984)
Comment: When he [Tomas] was supposed by his hospital colleagues to be thinking of signing a retraction in order to keep his job they turned up their noses at him. Now that he's been declassed for maintaining his integrity, he's become an untouchable. --E. L. Doctorow

Ursula K. LE GUIN (b. 1929) Reference: Official site
The Left Hand of Darkness (1969)
Comment: Le Guin has a poetic sensibility; this study of a world called 'Winter' and the sexual life of its inhabitants is a stunning creation. --Raphael and McLeish

Emmanuel LE ROY LADURIE (b. 1929) Reference: Library of Congress
Note: a French historian whose work is mainly focused upon Languedoc in the ancien regime, particularly the history of the peasantry --Wikipedia
The Territory of the Historian (1979; Le Territoire de l'historien, Vol. 1 1973, Vol. 2 1978)
The Beggar and the Professor: A Sixteenth-Century Family Saga (1997 Arthur Goldhammer translation; Le siecle des Platter, 1499-1628, 1995) excerpt Etext: University of Chicago Press

John MONTAGUE (b. 1929) Reference: New York State Writers Institute
Selected Poems

E. O. WILSON (b. 1929) Criticism: Steven Pinker interview | Eugene Goodheart essay
Note: an American biologist, researcher (sociobiology, biodiversity), theorist (consilience, biophilia), naturalist (conservationist) and author. His biological specialty is myrmecology, the study of ants, on which he is considered to be the world's leading authority. --Wikipedia
Sociobiology (1975) Criticism: Tom Bethell essay
Comment: Darwin put humanity in its proper place in the animal kingdom. Wilson put human society there, too. --Michael Lind

John HOLLANDER (1929-2013) Etext: Academy of American Poets
Note: an American poet and literary critic. --Wikipedia
Reflections on Espionage: The Question of Cupcake (1976)
Comment: takes you on a trip through the obsessive mind of a spy (code named, obviously, Cupcake), through nine months of his reports both to superiors and colleagues --Robert P. Beveridge
Tesserae and Other Poems (1993)
Comment: The title poem is the center piece of this collection. It is a set of 144 quatrains that utilize the stanza immortalized by Fitzgerald's rendering of The Rubaiyat. --L. Stearns Newburg
Selected Poetry (1993)
Comment: Perfection is a rare accomplishment, particularly in American poetry, and the perfection of much of Hollander’s work makes it essential reading for anyone who genuinely cares for the craft of poetry. --Vernon Shetley

Christa WOLF (1929-2011)
Note: a German literary critic, novelist, and essayist. She was one of the best-known writers to have emerged from the former East Germany. --Wikipedia
Cassandra (Kassandra, 1983)
Comment: The retelling of the story of Cassandra--really of the Iliad, from Cassandra's perspective --Deb Oestreicher

Ralf DAHRENDORF (1929-2009)
Note: a German-British sociologist, philosopher, political scientist and liberal politician. --Wikipedia
The Modern Social Contract (1990)

Alvin FEINMAN (1929-2008) Criticism: Reginald Shepherd In Memoriam
Comment: Because his poetry has been so sparse, Feinman found only a small audience, but they have been select, skilled, and faithful readers. --Harold Bloom

Guillermo CABRERA Infante (1929-2005) Criticism: Associated Press obituary | Marie-Lise Gazarian Gautrier interview | David Levine caricature
Note: a Cuban novelist, essayist, translator, screenwriter, and critic --Wikipedia
View of Dawn in the Tropics (Vista del amanecer en el tropico, 1964)
Three Trapped Tigers (Tres Tristes Tigres, 1967)

Edward ALBEE (b. 1928)
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1961–1962)
Comment: Raucously witty, agonized dissection of campus marriage; a bravura piece for bravura actors. --Raphael and McLeish

Noam CHOMSKY (b. 1928) Etext: The Online Books Page Reference: Official site Criticism: post
Note: an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, logician, political commentator and activist. Sometimes described as the "father of modern linguistics", Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy. --Wikipedia
Comment: ... among the most capable of those from your own side who speak to you on this topic and the manufacturing of public opinion is Noam Chomsky, who spoke sober words of advice prior to the [Iraq] war... . --Osama bin Laden
Syntactic Structures (1957)

Irving FELDMAN (b. 1928) Etext: Poetry Daily
New and Selected Poems (1979)

Donald HALL (b. 1928) Etext: Poetry Foundation | University of New Hampshire Library Criticism: Peter A. Stitt interview | post
Note: an American poet, writer, editor and literary critic. --Wikipedia
The One Day (1988)
Old and New Poems (1990)
One Road Etext: The American Scholar (Spring 2013)

Ferenc JUHASZ (b. 1928)
Note: a Hungarian poet --Wikipedia
Selected Poems (1970)

William KENNEDY (b. 1928) Reference: New York State Writers Institute
Note: an American writer and journalist born ... Many of his novels feature the interaction of members of the fictional Irish-American Phelan family, and make use of incidents of Albany's history and the supernatural --Wikipedia
Ironweed (1983)

Thomas KINSELLA (b. 1928)
Peppercanister Poems: 1972-1978 (1979)
Five poems Etext: A Small Anthology of Poems

Philip LEVINE (b. 1928) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets | Internet Poetry Archive Criticism: Terrence Rafferty review
Note: a Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet best known for his poems about working-class Detroit --Wikipedia
Selected Poems (1984)

Cynthia OZICK (b. 1928) Reference: Complete Review Criticism: John Leonard review
The Messiah of Stockholm (1987)
Envy, or Yiddish in America (1989)

Robert M. PIRSIG (b. 1928) Reference: Anthony M. McWatt fan site | Bohemian Ink Criticism: Tim Adams interview
Note: an American writer and philosopher --Wikipedia
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance (1974)

William TREVOR (b. 1928) Reference: British Council - Literature
Comment: Having removed himself from his native Ireland, he can write about its imagined people with the same clarity of distance that he commands over his London and provincial characters. His short stories are considerable works of art, but it is probably in his novels that he reaches the highest peak of achivement so far. --Philip Ward
The Love Department (1970)
The Children of Dynmouth (1980)
Collected Stories (1992)
Comment: deadly bullets, all of them, piercing some sensitive area of common experience. --Bernard Bailyn

James WATSON (b. 1928) Criticism: post
Note: an American molecular biologist, geneticist, and zoologist, best known as a co-discoverer of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick. --Wikipedia
The Molecular Biology of the Gene (1965)
The Double Helix (1968) Study: Kenneth R. Miller resources
Comment: An eminently readable book about the unraveling of DNA, one of the most important scientific discoveries of the century. --The Intercollegiate Review
A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid, with F. H. C. Crick Etext: Nature (April 2, 1953)
The Involvement of RNA in the Synthesis of Proteins Etext: Nobel Lecture (December 11, 1962)

Gabriel GARCIA Marquez (1928-2014) Reference: The Guardian: Authors | Times Topics Criticism: Michael Wood review | Perry Anderson review | Francisco Goldman essay | Silvana Paternostro essay
Note: a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo throughout Latin America. Considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century --Wikipedia
Three stars: One Hundred Years of Solitude (Cien anos de soledad, 1967) Etext: (excerpt) Nobel Prize Criticism: Ilan Stavans review
Comment: The narrative is a magician's trick in which memory and prophecy, illusion and reality are mixed and often made to look the same. --Robert Kiely
Love in the Time of Cholera (El amor en los tiempos del colera, 1985)
Comment: In substance and style not as fantastical, as mythologizing, as the previous works, this is a compelling exploration of the myths we make of love. --Barbara Hoffert
The Solitude of Latin America (December 8, 1982) Etext: Nobel Lecture

Carlos FUENTES (1928-2012) Criticism: Debra A. Castillo interview
Note: a Mexican novelist and essayist. --Wikipedia
A Change of Skin (Cambio de piel, 1967)
One star: Terra nostra (1975)

Martin SEYMOUR-SMITH (1928-1998)
The 100 Most Influential Books Ever Written (1998) Reference: Table of Contents

Philip K. DICK (1928-1982) Etext: The Online Books Page
Note: an American novelist, short story writer and essayist whose published work is almost entirely in the science fiction genre --Wikipedia
The Man in the High Castle (1962)
Comment: touches on nearly all of Dick's major themes but follows a relatively clear plot line, which is surprising since it was written with the divinatory help of the I Ching. --Michael Dirda

John ASHBERY (b. 1927) Reference: Times Topics | New York State Writers Institute
Comment: ...Ashbery used to work with comparative deliberateness. ... But when the vast possibilities implicit in randomness became apparent to him, Ashbery soon left convention behind. --John Malcolm Brinnin
The Double Dream of Spring (1970)
Houseboat Days (1977)
Selected Poems (1985)
Flow Chart (1991)
Hotel Lautreamont (1992)
And the Stars Were Shining (1994)

Gunter GRASS (1927-2015) Criticism: Sebastian Hammelehle obituary | post
Note: a German novelist, poet, playwright, illustrator, graphic artist, sculptor and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature. --Wikipedia
One star: The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel, 1959) Etext: Bold Type (October 1999)
Comment: Inventive, patchy disquisition (as if by a German Lawrence Sterne) on the Hitlerian legacy as seen by an 'autobiographical' dwarf. --Raphael and McLeish
Comment: Grass's hero, Oskar, begins as the misbegotten child of the Nazi era and ends--what could be more modern?--as a jazz musician in a mental hospital. --Frederick Morton
The Flounder (Der Butt, 1977)

Galway KINNELL (b. 1927) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets | Poem Hunter | Modern American Poetry Reference: Official site Criticism: Wendy Anderson interview
Note: an American poet. ... His best-loved and most anthologized poems are "St. Francis and the Sow" and "After Making Love We Hear Footsteps". --Wikipedia
Selected Poems (1982)

W. S. MERWIN (b. 1927) Etext: Bold Type (June 2002) Criticism: Peter Davison essay
Selected Poems (1988)

Ruth Prawer JHABVALA (1927-2013) Etext: The Online Books Page Reference: Petri Liukkonen biography
Note: a German-born British and American Booker prize-winning novelist, short story writer and two-time Academy Award-winning screenwriter. --Wikipedia
Heat and Dust (1975)
Comment: novel of an "outrageous" Anglo-Indian romance in 1920s Khatm and Satipur... Anne, the story's narrator, travels to India to discover more about the mystery surrounding her grandfather's first wife, Olivia. --Jana L. Perskie

Guy DAVENPORT (1927-2005) Criticism: Bernard Hoepffner interview
Tatlin! Six Stories (1974)

Laszlo NAGY (1927-2005)
Note: a Hungarian poet and translator. --Wikipedia
Love of the Scorching Wind (1973)

James WRIGHT (1927-1980) Etext: Academy of American Poets
Note: an American poet. --Wikipedia
Above the River: The Complete Poems (1992)

David ATTENBOROUGH (b. 1926) Etext: The Online Books Page Reference: The Life Series
Note: an English broadcaster and naturalist. --Wikipedia
Life on Earth (1979)
Comment: Outstanding illustrations; lively, lucid text expounds the origins and development of all forms of life. --Raphael and McLeish

John BERGER (b. 1926)
Note: an English art critic, novelist, painter and poet. --Wikipedia
Ways of Seeing (1972)
Comment: According to Berger, practically every painting was an advertisement for something, usually the wealth of the person--man or woman--who commissioned it. --Charles Van Doren
About Looking (1980)
Comment: another extraordinary book. It is mostly about photography. --Charles Van Doren

Charles VAN DOREN (b. 1926)
Note: an American intellectual, writer, and editor who was involved in a television quiz show scandal in the 1950s. --Wikipedia
The Joy of Reading (1985)
The Joy of Reading (2008)
See collaborations with Mortimer J. Adler

John FOWLES (1926-2005) Reference: Bob Goosmann fan site Criticism: Saray Lyall obituary | Ian Sansom review essay
Note: an English novelist ... He was considered much influenced by both Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus, and critically positioned between modernism and postmodernism. --Wikipedia
The Magus (2nd Ed., 1977)
Comment: In some mysterious way, Conchis, the Magus or magician who inhabits, or, better, infuses, the Greek island where Nicholas goes to teach in a boys' school, becomes the instructor-ally that Alison needs, so that Nicholas finally learns something. Not everything; not enough, perhaps. --Charles Van Doren
Comment: Convoluted games on a mesmeric Greek island: tries to provide 'an experience beyond the literary' and certainly dishes up a rich and stimulating brew. --Raphael and McLeish

David SHAHAR (1926-1997) Reference: Jewish Virtual Library
The Palace of Shattered Vessels: Summer in the Street of the Prophets (1985; Kayitz Be-Derech Ha-Nevi'im, 1969); A Voyage to Ur of the Chaldees (1985; Ha-Masah Le-Ur Kasdim, 1971); The Day of the Countess (1986; Yom Ha-Rozenet, 1976); Nin-Gal (1996; Ningal, 1983); Day of the Ghosts (1996; Yom Ha-Refaim, 1986); A Tammuz Night`s Dream (1996; Halom Leyl Tammuz, 1988); Nights of Lutetia (1991; Leylot Lutezia); On Candles and Winds (1996; Al Ner Ve Al Ruah, 1994)

A. R. AMMONS (1926-2001) Etext: The Online Books Page | Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets
Note: an American poet ... He wrote about humanity's relationship to nature in alternately comic and solemn tones. --Wikipedia
Collected Poems: 1951-1971 (1972)
Sphere: The Form of a Motion (1974)
Selected Longer Poems (1980)

Elizabeth JENNINGS (1926-2001) Etext: Plagiarist Poetry Archive
Selected Poems (1979)

James MERRILL (1926-1995) Etext: Poetry Foundation | Academy of American Poets Criticism: Len Krisak review
Note: an American poet ... His poetry falls into two distinct bodies of work: the polished and formalist lyric poetry of his early career, and the epic narrative of occult communication with spirits and angels, titled The Changing Light at Sandover, which dominated his later career. --Wikipedia
The Changing Light at Sandower (1982)
From the First Nine: Poems 1946-1972 (1982)

Ingeborg BACHMANN (1926-1973) Etext: Poem Hunter Reference: Petri Liukkonen biography
In the Storm of Roses: Selected Poems (translated and edited by Mark Anderson, 1986)

Frank O'HARA (1926-1966) Etext: Academy of American Poets Criticism: post
Note: an American writer, poet and art critic. ... O'Hara is regarded as a leading figure in the New York School—an informal group of artists, writers and musicians who drew inspiration from Jazz, Surrealism, Abstract expressionism, action painting and contemporary avant-garde art movements. --Wikipedia
Selected Poems (2004)

/\ Mid and late 20th Century

\/ 1901-1925

Revised July 26, 2015.